Economies of Scale in Multifamily: What It Means and How It Benefits Investors

As an investor, you’re always looking for ways to increase your returns while minimizing your costs. One way to achieve this goal is by investing in multifamily properties. In this article, we’ll explore the concept of economies of scale in multifamily, how it works, and how it can benefit investors.

What are Economies of Scale in Multifamily?

Economies of scale refer to the cost advantages that arise from the increased output of a product or service. In the context of multifamily investing, this means that the larger the property, the lower the cost per unit. This is because the fixed costs associated with operating the property, such as management fees, maintenance costs, and utilities, can be spread across a larger number of units. This results in a lower cost per unit, which translates to higher profits for investors.

How Do Economies of Scale Work in Multifamily Investing?

Economies of scale work in multifamily investing by reducing the per-unit cost of operating a property as the number of units increases. This is because certain costs associated with managing and maintaining the property are fixed, regardless of the number of units. For example, a 10-unit property may require the same property management fees as a 50-unit property, but the cost per unit will be significantly higher for the former.

By investing in larger multifamily properties, investors can take advantage of these cost savings and maximize their returns. They can achieve higher rents and lower expenses, which translates to higher net operating income (NOI) and cash flow. Additionally, larger properties typically attract more tenants, which reduces the risk of vacancies and ensures a steady stream of rental income.

Benefits of Economies of Scale in Multifamily Investing

Here are some of the key benefits of economies of scale in multifamily investing:

Lower Cost per Unit

As mentioned earlier, the larger the multifamily property, the lower the cost per unit. This means that investors can achieve higher profits by investing in larger properties that benefit from economies of scale.

Increased Cash Flow

Economies of scale can also result in increased cash flow for investors. As the per-unit cost of operating the property decreases, the net operating income (NOI) and cash flow increase, which means more money in investors’ pockets.

Reduced Risk

Investing in larger multifamily properties can also help reduce the risk of vacancy. With more units to rent out, investors can ensure a steady stream of rental income even if some units are vacant.

Better Financing Options

Lenders often prefer to finance larger multifamily properties because of the increased cash flow and lower risk of vacancies. This means that investors can benefit from more favorable financing options, such as lower interest rates and longer loan terms.


Economies of scale in multifamily investing can provide significant benefits for investors. By investing in larger properties, investors can take advantage of lower per-unit costs, increased cash flow, reduced risk, and better financing options. As such, multifamily properties present an attractive investment opportunity for those looking to maximize their returns while minimizing their costs.